Download A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language by Randolph Quirk, Sidney Greenbaum, Geoffrey Leech, Jan PDF

By Randolph Quirk, Sidney Greenbaum, Geoffrey Leech, Jan Svartvik

An quintessential shop of knowledge at the English language, written by way of many of the best-known grammarians on the earth.

Show description

Read or Download A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language PDF

Best grammar books

Copular Clauses: Specification, Predication And Equation

This e-book is anxious with a category of copular clauses often called specificational clauses, and its relation to other forms of copular buildings, predicational and equative clauses particularly. in response to proof from Danish and English, I argue that specificational clauses contain an identical middle predication constitution as predicational clauses ― one that combines a referential and a predicative expression to shape a minimum predicational unit ― yet range in how the predicational center is learned syntactically.

The Evolution of Grammar: Tense, Aspect, and Modality in the Languages of the World

Joan Bybee and her colleagues current a brand new conception of the evolution of grammar that hyperlinks constitution and that means in a fashion that without delay demanding situations so much modern types of generative grammar. This examine makes a speciality of the use and that means of grammatical markers of annoying, point, and modality and identifies a common set of grammatical different types.

A Grammar of Bilua: A Papuan Language of the Solomon Islands (Pacific Linguistics)

This grammar of Bilua, a revision of the author's PhD thesis, is the 1st accomplished description of the language. Bilua is spoken on Vella l. a. Vella island within the Western Province of the Solomon Islands. in accordance with the 1976 census there are approximately eighty five vernacular languages indigenous to the Solomon Islands.

Syntactic aspects of topic and comment

The publication specializes in the syntactic habit of argument noun words reckoning on their discourse prestige. the most language of attention is German, however it is proven that the observations may be carried over to different languages. The declare is that discourse-new arguments stay contained in the vice president the place they're base generated.

Extra resources for A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language

Sample text

33 34 Heiko Narrog The proposal made here, presented in the last row of Table 1, is to acknowledge three types of changes that form part of a larger tendency that I wish to label as ‘speech-act orientation’ (rather than simply ‘speaker-orientation’ in a broad sense, as I did previously). Furthermore, I am suggesting to keep these three kinds of changes apart and treat them on an equal basis, at least until their mutual relationship is sufficiently clarified. 3 The place for textual/discourse-orientation One likely reason for the backgrounding of the ‘textual’ element in Traugott’s writing on (inter)subjectification is that its place in relation to subjectification and intersubjectification became uncertain.

But Verhagen’s (2005, 2007) notion of intersubjectivity has not yet been explored in its potential diachronic dimension, and Nuyts’s (2001a, b) concept of intersubjectivity does not lend itself easily to such a dimension (but see Nuyts this issue), since ‘intersubjectification’ * I wish to thank the editors for their kind invitation and support throughout the writing process. Furthermore, two anonymous reviewers helped me greatly to improve my paper. 30 Heiko Narrog in Nuyts’s sense would be the opposite of subjectification, and there is general consensus that subjectification is a well-attested and unidirectional tendency in semantic change.

Thus it is a matter of interpretation whether such circumstantial readings are already viewed as deontic. In any case, it appears that both the deontic and epistemic reading arose from the circumstantial reading. The first ‘concessive’ use is given by Visser for the late 14th Beyond intersubjectification century (Chaucer). Interestingly, though, he also gives a possible lone forerunner from Old English, a juxtaposition of two clauses that can be rendered as ‘Heaven and earth may die/pass away; my word will never die’ (Heofon ond eorðe mæg gewitan, min word næfre ne gewitað (Blickl.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.55 of 5 – based on 7 votes