By Kazuko Obata
This grammar of Bilua, a revision of the author's PhD thesis, is the 1st entire description of the language. Bilua is spoken on Vella los angeles Vella island within the Western Province of the Solomon Islands. based on the 1976 census there are approximately eighty five vernacular languages indigenous to the Solomon Islands. the vast majority of those are Austronesian, yet between them are 4 Papuan languages, one among that is Bilua.
The grammar provided this is in response to the dialect of the Bilua quarter, that is considered as typical via area people, most likely simply because Methodist missionaries who arrived early within the 20th century appeared it because the language of the island.
In the earlier, the Austronesian language Roviana used to be used as a lingua franca within the quarter and so older humans on Vella los angeles Vella communicate Roviana in addition to Bilua. even though, the position of Roviana has been taken over by way of Solomon Islands Pidgin that is utilized in basic faculties and in church ceremonies that are crucial to the lives of individuals in Vella l. a. Vella. there's a excessive fee of intermarriage among Vella l. a. Vella humans and other people from different islands and combined speak in Bilua, Pidgin, or one of many different Solomons languages. Pidgin phrases are combined into Bilua and infrequently humans change from one language to a different of their speech. therefore the Bilua language is altering as a result of the impact of Pidgin, and, even supposing the inhabitants of Vella los angeles Vella is expanding quickly, Bilua is endangered.
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This grammar of Bilua, a revision of the author's PhD thesis, is the 1st complete description of the language. Bilua is spoken on Vella los angeles Vella island within the Western Province of the Solomon Islands. in response to the 1976 census there are approximately eighty five vernacular languages indigenous to the Solomon Islands.
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Also Warren 1999: 176). Furthermore, as will be seen below, it can exert an influence on the linguistic sub-systems it interacts with, in particular the grammatical components, syntax and morphology. The present discussion of prosodic features is restricted to a principle that is relatively basic and clearly circumscribed, namely the Principle of Rhythmic Alternation. 1, this principle is elucidated in a general way from a variety of perspectives. 2 reports on the present state of the research regarding effects the principle has on grammatical variation and change in English.
The unstressed word endings, partially preserved in ME, were phonetically eroded and lost, and the English lexicon displayed a powerful pull towards monosyllabicity (cf. Bolinger 1965b: 179). In the face of these changes, speakers ran into increasing difficulties when trying to maintain an alternating rhythm. As a way out of this conflict, the reduction of all unstressed syllables, particularly of function words, was introduced as an option. g. openly [:n] , emperour [AU], captain [er]; cf. 14 The development of reduced vowels was not nearly as far advanced in EModE as it is in PDE and correlated with the register level (cf.
In the ME and EModE periods, the relative pronouns which, whose and whom could variably be preceded by the article the or followed by the subordinator that without a functional distinction, but with a rhythmic effect (cf. Stroheker 1913: 61; Bihl 1916: 188-194; Franz 1986: 301). g. though, after, but, ere, if, save, there, till; cf. Stroheker 1913: 69; Bihl 1916: 204-206; Franz 1910: 158; 1911: 209). g. I know they're taking something someplace. ; cf. Bolinger 1978: 145). A final group of variation phenomena that have been brought into connection with rhythm comprises different types of affixation.