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By Barry F Carlson

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Extra info for A grammar of Spokan : a Salish language of eastern Washington

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Only it goes round the room Jenny: oh yes Wendy: it don't hit the ceiling it just goes round and round Jenny: goodjob Wendy: you have to mind your head mind you 'cos it goes up and round and round These two examples show speakers using not to form a negative clause in order to ensure that their interlocutor's orientation to the topic is in tune with their own, by negating an implicit inference that they draw from their interlocutor's contribution, and that their negation then makes explicit (in (12), that Jacky has two parents; in (13), that an indoor rocket could shoot up into the air and hit the ceiling).

1983 "Historical functional grammar: An outline of an integrated theory of language change", in: Simon C. ), 301-325. Brown, Penelope - Stephen C. Levinson 1987 Politeness: Some universals in language usage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ), 35-53. R. ), 12-39. Cheshire, Jenny 1982 Variation in an English dialect: A sociolinguistic study. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1987 "Syntactic variation, the linguistic variable and sociolinguistic theory", Linguistics 25 (2): 257-282. 1989 "Addressee-oriented features in spoken discourse", York Papers in Linguistics 13: 49-64.

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ) 1982 Spoken and written language: Exploring orality and literacy. Norwood, NJ: Ablex. Tieken-Boon van Ostade, Ingrid 1995 The two versions of Malory's Morte Darthur. Multiple negation and the editing of the text. S. Brewer. ), 32-44. ) 1984 Language in the British Isles. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ) in press The sociolinguistics reader. Volume 1. London: Arnold. Weiner, J. - William Labov 1983 "Constraints on the agentless passive", Journal ofLinguistics 19: 29-58.

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