Download Absolutism and the Scientific Revolution, 1600-1720. A by Christopher Baker PDF

By Christopher Baker

This book―the 6th quantity in The nice Cultural Eras of the Western World series―provides details on greater than four hundred people who created and performed a task within the era's highbrow and cultural job. The book's concentration is on cultural figures―those whose innovations and discoveries contributed to the clinical revolution, these whose line of reasoning contributed to secularism, groundbreaking artists like Rembrandt, lesser recognized painters, and individuals to paintings and music.

As the momentum of the Renaissance peaked in 1600, the Western international used to be poised to maneuver from the Early smooth to the trendy period. The Thirty Years conflict led to 1648 and faith used to be not a reason for army clash. Europe grew extra secularized. equipped medical examine ended in groundbreaking discoveries, equivalent to the earth's magnetic box, Kepler's first legislation of movement, and the slide rule. within the arts, Baroque portray, tune, and literature developed. a brand new Europe was once rising. This booklet is an invaluable simple reference for college kids and laymen, with entries in particular designed for prepared reference.

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Extra resources for Absolutism and the Scientific Revolution, 1600-1720. A Biographical Dictionary

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Amyraut (Moses Amyraldus) was the most prominent theologian of the moderate school of Calvinist divinity associated most closely with the Protestant academy at Saumur and the Reformed congregation of Charenton near Paris. He began his study of theology at Saumur's Protestant Academie in 1618, and there one of his professors was the Scots divine John Cameron, who had an enormous and decisive impact on Amyraut's thinking. In 1626, Amyraut became Saumur's minister and soon began lecturing at the Academie.

He traveled northwest in Baffin Bay to 77°45', a northerly latitude that would not be surpassed for another 200 years. Now believing the Northwest Passage more easily penetrable from the Pacific BASILE, GIOVANNI BATTISTA 15 coast, Baffin gained employment with the East India Company. He mapped the coast of Persia and the Red Sea from 1616 to 1622, but did not get farther northeast than Surat. In 1622, the company agreed to aid the Shah of Persia in driving the Portuguese out of Ormuz, and Baffin was killed during an altercation.

During this time, he also served as a papal representative in France, with *King James I of England and with the Republic of Venice; he acted also as chief editor for the revised—and henceforth official—edition of the Vulgate. Finally, in 1605, Bellarmine became chief papal adviser on theological matters and a permanent official of the Holy Office. Among his many writings, ranging from a Hebrew grammar to a compilation of patristic works, several manuals of catechism became standard references for centuries.

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