By Patricia Cabredo Hofherr, Ora Matushansky
Adjectives are relatively much less good studied than the lexical different types of nouns and verbs. the current quantity brings jointly reviews within the syntax and semantics of adjectives. 4 of the contributions examine the syntax of adjectives in various languages (English, French, Mandarin chinese language, smooth Hebrew, Russian, Spanish, and Serbocroatian). The theoretical matters explored contain: the syntax of attributive and predicative adjectives, the syntax of nominalized adjectives and the identity of adjectives as a unique lexical class in Mandarin chinese language. an extra 4 contributions research various elements within the semantics of adjectives in English, French, and Spanish, facing superlatives, comparatives, and element in adjectives. This quantity can be of curiosity to researchers and scholars in syntax, formal semantics, and language typology.
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Extra info for Adjectives: Formal Analyses in Syntax and Semantics (Linguistik Aktuell Linguistics Today)
Adjective classes in typological perspective. W. Dixon & A. Aikhenvald (eds), 1–49. Oxford: OUP. W & Aikhenvald, A. (eds). 2004. Adjective Classes: A Cross-linguistic Typological Study. Oxford: OUP. Doetjes, J. 2008. Adjectives and degree modification. In Adjectives and Adverbs, L. McNally & C. Kennedy (eds), 123–155. Oxford: OUP. , Neeleman, A. & van de Koot, H. 1998. Degree expressions and the autonomy of syntax. UCL Working Papers in Linguistics 10. Fanselow, G. 1986. On the sentential nature of prenominal adjectives in German.
Verbs, Nouns and Adjectives. Cambridge: CUP. Bendjaballah, S. & Cabredo Hofherr, P. 2006. Modification of the noun in Somali: Comparative evidence from other Cushitic languages. Proceedings of the Berkeley Linguistics Society 27: 27–38. Bhatt, C. 1990. Die syntaktische Struktur der Nominalphrase im Deutschen. Tübingen: Narr. Bolinger, D. 1967. Adjectives in English: Attribution and predication. Lingua 18: 1–34. Bouchard, D. 2002. Adjectives, Numbers and Interfaces. Why Languages Vary. Amsterdam: North Holland.
If there are no ordering restrictions, we find no hierarchical properties either (asyndetically coordinated adjectives; see Sproat & Shih 1988). Syntactic positions of attributive adjectives ïœ´ïœ± The two cases of multiple adjectives are illustrated in (18a/b) and (18c) respectively (examples adapted from Scott 2002: 92): (18) a. big red cars (neutral order, neutral intonation; hierarchical modification: big among red cars) b. *red big cars (marked order, focal/topic stress, hierarchical modification: red among big cars) c.