By Mirjam Fried, Kiki Nikiforidou
This quantity offers the various newest learn in body Semantics, together with paintings in computational lexicography as built in the FrameNet venture. utilizing different fabric from English, Italian, and jap, the contributions jointly extend the theoretical, conceptual, and computational gear of body semantics, through learning more than a few matters referring to not just lexical constitution, linked to cognitive frames, but additionally the fewer studied interactional frames and their courting to grammatical association. whereas addressing a few linguistic phenomena, akin to verbs of visible belief, metaphoric language, subordinating connectives, paraphrasing, honorifics, sure pragmatic debris, easy speech acts, and the semantic structuring of felony texts, the analyses additionally spotlight the wider query of integrating frames inside wealthy lexical and grammatical descriptions, no matter if within the context of lexicon-building assets, types for wisdom illustration, experimental modeling of language acquisition and processing, conceptual metaphor thought, paraphrase learn, or the communicative grounding of linguistic constitution.
Originally released in Constructions and Frames Vol. 3:1 (2011) and Vol. 2:2 (2010).
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FEs belonging to Perception_experience, Perception_active, and Becoming_aware Perception_ experience Perception_active Becoming_aware Core Perceiver Passive Phenomenon Body Part Perceiver Agentive Phenomenon Body Part Direction Cognizer Phenomenon Peripheral Degree Direction Duration Ground Instrument Manner Means Place Time Duration Ground Instrument Manner Means Place Time Ground Manner Time Extra-thematic Location of Perceiver Location of Perceiver 35 36 Martina Johnson and Alessandro Lenci Here is a brief description of the core FEs and the most important peripheral ones.
We believe that the main reason has to do with how close Italian and English are, both typologically and geographically. A brief overview of other European languages, such as French, Spanish, and German, shows that all of them share a 31 32 Martina Johnson and Alessandro Lenci similar way of structuring the lexical domain of perception into three groups of verbs, which may be represented by the Perception_experience, Perception_ active and Appearance frames. These languages (as well as Greek) also share very similar argument structures for verbs of visual perception; for instance, they all share constructions similar in form and meaning to the one realized by I saw a man cross/crossing the road, which are often called “perception verb complements” in the literature.
The constituents following the direct object serve the purpose of describing the perceived scene, and are therefore part of the Phenomenon. (14) Il medico scorge nell’altra stanza [il duca]direct object [prostrato dalla malattia]predicative adjective. The doctor glimpses [the duke], [stricken with illness], in the other room. (15) Il magistrato scorge [un signore dall’aria distinta]direct object [che si allontana in tutta fretta]pseudorelative clause: è il professor Berardi. The judge glimpses [a distinguished-looking man], [who is walking away as quickly as possible]: it’s professor Berardi.