By Gerhard P. Willeke, Eicke R. Weber
Semiconductors and Semimetals has distinct itself during the cautious choice of recognized authors, editors, and individuals. initially well known because the "Willardson and Beer" sequence, it has succeeded in publishing various landmark volumes and chapters. The sequence publishes well timed, hugely proper volumes meant for long term influence and reflecting the really interdisciplinary nature of the sector. The volumes in Semiconductors and Semimetals were and may stay of serious curiosity to physicists, chemists, fabrics scientists, and equipment engineers in academia, medical laboratories and glossy undefined. This quantity is the second of a collection of seven related to photovoltaics.
- Written and edited via across the world well known experts
- Relevant to a large readership: physicists, chemists, fabrics scientists, and gadget engineers in academia, medical laboratories and sleek industry
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5 Perspective and future outlook for the PV industry and its technologies 49 51 56 61 69 72 72 76 76 76 82 1. INTRODUCTION AND CHAPTER METHODOLOGY This chapter describes photovoltaic (PV) industry manufacturer capacity, production, and shipment statistics along with trends in its pricing, applications, and module sizes. These statistics provide an understanding and perspective of PV industry volume growth, competitive position, technical progress, and trends over the next several years. The data in this chapter reflect shipments to the first point of sale or, the first buyer, minus outsourcing, that is, technology bought from another manufacturer and included in the buyer’s production and shipments.
Because all companies misjudged the situation—and, in fact, did not really believe in the future of photovoltaics— the upcoming shortage was a real disaster to the PV industry and a severe disturbance for the silicon industry and market. The main difficulty was the fact that the construction and installation of a new production plant for polysilicon takes at least 3 years and requires an enormous investment and proprietary know-how. The bad years started at the end of 2004 and the situation became already very serious in 2005.
This was a big blow also for the German PV industry that relied on banks financing their expansion plans, and these banks became now much more reluctant to further do so because they were in trouble themselves. Apparently, China as a whole and, in particular, Chinese banks were much less affected than Germany and other Western countries and they could further generously support the expansion plans of the Chinese players. As a direct result of the financial crisis, an automotive industry crisis developed in Germany in 2008 that led to a governmental economic stimulus measure in the form of a car scrapping incentive (Abwrackpra¨mie) which led private households to invest in new cars rather than in, for example, PV systems.