By Andrew G. Bannister
The Qur’an makes broad use of older spiritual fabric, tales, and traditions that predate the origins of Islam, and there has lengthy been a fierce debate approximately how this fabric came across its method into the Qur’an. This distinctive ebook argues that this debate has mostly been characterised by way of a failure to completely have fun with the Qur’an as a predominately oral product.
Using leading edge automatic linguistic research, this examine demonstrates that the Qur’an screens a number of the indicators of oral composition which have been present in different conventional literature. whilst one then combines those automatic effects with different clues to the Qur’an’s origins (such because the demonstrably oral tradition that either predated and preceded the Qur’an, in addition to the “folk reminiscence” within the Islamic culture that Muhammad was once an oral performer) those a number of strains of proof converge and element to the belief that giant parts of the Qur’an must be understood as being built dwell, in oral performance.
Combining ancient, linguistic, and statistical research, a lot of it made attainable for the 1st time as a result of new automatic instruments built in particular for this e-book, Bannister argues that the results of orality have lengthy been neglected in reports of the Qur’an. by means of moving the Islamic scripture firmly again into an oral context, one earnings either a clean appreciation of the Qur’an by itself phrases, in addition to a clean figuring out of the way Muhammad used early spiritual traditions, retelling previous stories afresh for a brand new audience.
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Extra info for An Oral-Formulaic Study of the Qur'an
This is a crucial step in the argument, for it is sometimes suggested that Oral Literary Theory is only applicable to a small number of cultures. The best way to head that suggestion off at the pass is to show just how widely and successful the model has been applied to numerous cultures, most especially Arabic traditions. Chapters five, six, and seven, dive into the Qur’an itself showcasing pioneering computerized tools developed especially for this study, allowing the rapid analysis of the entire Arabic qur’anic text for formulaic diction.
24. See Sidney H. , The Qur’ān in Its Historical Context (London: Routledge, 2008) 109–137. 25. , The Qur’ān in Its Historical Context (London: Routledge, 2008) 175–203. 26. As Bodman, The Poetics of Iblīs, 41 notes: ‘Some stories, such as the Joseph narrative in Sūrat al-Yūsuf , even require awareness of their biblical precedents in order to understand some of the details and references. ’ 27. A study of the index volume of Louis Ginzberg’s Legends of the Jews (Philadelphia: The Jewish Publication Society of America, 1967) illustrates this point nicely.
92. On the former, see Ronald F. Hock, The Infancy Gospels of James and Thomas, Scholars Bible 2 (Santa Rosa, CA: Polebridge Press, 1995); for the latter, see Andrew G. Bannister, The Arabic Gospel of the Infancy: A Comparative Study, CIS Foundational Papers in Islam 1 (London: London School of Theology, 2004). 93. St. Clair-Tisdall, ‘The Sources of Islam’ 291. 94. Tor Andrae, Mohammed: The Man and His Faith (New York: Dover Publications, 2000 ); Richard Bell, The Origin of Islam in Its Christian Environment (London: Macmillan, 1968 ).