By Ahmad Al-Jallad
This quantity includes a targeted grammatical description of the dialects of previous Arabic attested within the Safaitic script, an historic North Arabian alphabet used frequently within the deserts of southern Syria and north-eastern Jordan within the pre-Islamic interval. it's the first entire grammar of any historical North Arabian corpus, making it an enormous contribution to the fields of Arabic and Semitic stories. the quantity covers subject matters in script and orthography, phonology, morphology, and syntax, and comprises an appendix of over 500 inscriptions and an annotated dictionary. The grammar is predicated on a corpus of 33,000 Safaitic inscriptions.
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Additional info for An Outline of the Grammar of the Safaitic Inscriptions
The language and formulae of texts containing the m-participle does not differ in any obvious way from those with the older qtl form. 1). c. The Relative Pronoun: The paradigm comprises three forms: ms ḏ, fs ḏʾt, and mp ḏw, but their use is irregular. In many inscriptions, agreement has been neutralized, which no doubt reflects a chronologically shallower linguistic situation. The feminine singular form is attested four times in CSNS (412, 620, 621, 622) with a feminine singular antecedent. The two women to which these inscriptions refer belonged to the lineage of Tm; however, it is impossible to confirm whether this was a normal feature of their speech as the remaining examples of the relative pronoun produced by members of this social group all have a masculine singular antecedent.
Sometimes, (2) the circle is filled in. (1) (2) script and orthography 35 t The glyph is essentially identical to (1) a + sign, but with (2) some variation in the length of the vertical and horizontal lines. The t can be distinguished from the ẖ glyph by the fact that its arms are never curved. (1) (2) ṯ The glyph consists of a verticle line with a circle on each end. The circles can connect to (1) the side of the shaft or to (2) the end of the shaft. (1) (2) ṭ The glyph consists of (1) three parallel vertical lines with an intersecting horizontal line in the middle.
Whether such examples genuinely represent transitional forms or the knowledge of both scripts on the part of their authors is unclear. Mixed texts usually exhibit the Hismaic forms of the ḏ, ṯ, g, and ḍ glyphs. A. Macdonald (1989:77); the text reads l zhln bn hrds¹ bn hs²ll. 2 29 Example of a Safaitic-Hismaic mixed text4 Characteristics of the Individual Glyphs ʾ The basic shape is a vertical line with forks on both ends. (1) The arms of the fork can branch out symmetrically from the top of the shaft.